# 课堂教学评估体系与方法研究Research on Evaluation System and Method of Classroom Teaching

DOI: 10.12677/ASS.2019.87174, PDF, HTML, XML, 下载: 442  浏览: 881

Abstract: In the new situation of university competition, how to improve the quality of teaching and enhance the competitiveness of the school has become an important subject of each university. So the establishment of classroom teaching evaluation system and evaluation methods will have a vital significance. In this paper, AHP is used to establish the hierarchical relationship of the classroom teaching quality evaluation index system, and the weight vector and the weight vector are obtained, and the weights under different evaluation systems are obtained. Finally, through the established model, some reasonable suggestions are given to the teacher’s classroom teaching, so as to improve teaching methods and improve teaching quality.

1. 引言

2. 课堂教学评估体系的确立与实例分析(层次分析法与模糊综合评价)

2.1. 层次分析法模型的实例分析

1) 学生评教指标体系

2) 同行教师评教指标体系

Table 1. Students’ evaluation index system for classroom teaching quality

Table 2. Peer-to-teacher evaluation index system for classroom teaching quality

3) 专家组评教指标体系

Table 3. Expert group’s evaluation index system for classroom teaching quality

2.1.1. 构造影响课堂教学质量的判断矩阵

${a}_{ij}=\frac{1}{{a}_{ji}}$ (1)

${a}_{ii}=1$ (2)

Table 4. n-th order judgment matrix

2.1.2. 计算判断矩阵的相对权重系数并进行一致性检验

1) 相对权重系数的确定

2) 一致性检验

2.1.3. 结果分析

Table 5. Students evaluate first-level indicator weights

Table 6. Second-level indicator weight

2.2. 模糊综合评价法模型的实例分析

U = {教学方法，教学内容，教学效果}

V = {优秀，良好，一般，合格，不合格}

$R=\left(\begin{array}{ccc}{r}_{11}& \cdots & {r}_{15}\\ ⋮& \ddots & ⋮\\ {r}_{41}& \cdots & {r}_{45}\end{array}\right)$

$B=W\ast R=\left[{W}_{1},{W}_{2},{W}_{3},{W}_{4},{W}_{5}\right]\ast \left(\begin{array}{ccc}{r}_{11}& \cdots & {r}_{15}\\ ⋮& \ddots & ⋮\\ {r}_{41}& \cdots & {r}_{45}\end{array}\right)=\left[{B}_{1},{B}_{2},{B}_{3},{B}_{4},{B}_{5}\right]$

$综合评价得分=\left[\begin{array}{ccc}{W}_{教师}& {W}_{学生}& {W}_{专家}\end{array}\right]\left[\begin{array}{c}教师评价\\ 学生评价\\ 专家评价\end{array}\right]$

3. 结束语

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